The phytochemical study of the plants reveals important information regarding the presence of a particular chemical compound and the quantity of the same present in the plant. Plans use their different parts like stems, roots, leaves, bark, fruits, seed etc. to deposit the primary as well as secondary metabolites. The primary metabolites are usually consumed in diets. The secondary metabolites are generally used for the treatment of various ailments. The alkaloids present in the plants are used for the treatment of diabetes, gastrointestinal problems, skin diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammations etc. as documented through ethnomedicinal studies in the districts of Paschim and Purba Medinipur, West Bengal, India. In the present study, quantitative analysis of the three liana (woody vines) species namely Tinospora cordifolia (stem), Coccinia grandis (root) and Gymnema sylvestre (leaf) were done. These lianas were collected from three different localities. These three lianas were used in majority by the tribal and local people for the treatment of diabetes related issues. The results interpreted that the pant tissues of Tinospora cordifolia (stem) collected from the arid region of Digha, Purba Medinipur contain the highest level of alkaloid supporting the fact of higher production of secondary metabolites in response to stress condition. The alkaloid content was followed by Gymnema sylvestre (leaf) and Coccinia grandis (root). Another important interpretation was made that the alkaloid content of the plant species are at its highest peak in the rainy season irrespective of the species and the area of collection.
Research Article | Published online : 02-Oct-2023