|1-2Department of Agricultural Economics,
Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramoday Vishwavidyalaya, Chitrakoot - 485 334, Satna, Madhya Pradesh, India
3Department of Farm Engineering, Institute of Agriculture Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi - 221 005, U.P.
|Study has examined that comparative economics of fish farmers to production and marketing of exotic and local breeds of fish in Kabirdham districts of Chhattisgarh. The study revealed that the compound growth rate of area, production and productivity of fish showed the positive and significant growth rate in both Chhattisgarh state and Kabirdham districts except area under fish in district Kabirdham. The fish productivity of exotic breeds of samples fish farmer is 31.25 qt per ha, quintal respectively. However, the fish productivity of local breeds of samples fish farmer, is 17.20 qt per ha, respectively. The per hectare cost of exotic breeds of samples fish farmer, is ₹ 58624.33 per ha, per ha respectively. However, the per hectare cost of local breeds of fish of samples fish farmer, is ₹ 41398.25 per ha, respectively. The net return of exotic breeds of samples fish farmers, is ₹ 247495.99 per ha respectively. However, the net return of local breeds of samples fish farmers is ₹ 90807.55 per ha respectively. The cost benefit ratio of exotic breeds of samples fish farmer is 5.27:1 respectively. However, in case cost benefit ratio of local breeds of samples fish farmer is 3.09:1. The five marketing channel have been adopted in the study area, the most of fish farmers have sold the fish in channel fifth and sold quantity of fish, by fish farmers is 3497.50 qt. and 50.713 percent in the channel fifth. The net received price and incurred marketing cost of samples fish farmers are ₹ 8538.8 and ₹ 000 per qt, ₹ 6023.04 and ₹ 272.77 per qt, ₹ 7238.45 and ₹ 1138.00 per qt, ₹ 6731.86 and ₹ 3187.30 per qt and ₹ 5452.00 and ₹ 2201.5 per qt in the channel first, second, third, fourth and fifth respectively. The marketing efficiency and producer share in consumer rupees of samples fish farmer are 100.00% and 100%, 17.62% and 80.10%, 4.89% and 86.87%, 0.78% and 68.77% and 0.85% and 59.18% in the channel first, second, third, fourth and fifth respectively. It has observed that the channel first has most efficient for all fish producers of fish farmer and fish cooperative societies. The major socio economics constraints found that, restriction on medicine, feed and manure, lease processed poaching of fish and consumption and fish disposal etc. in the fish production, which in a weak position the fish production of both groups of fish producers. Fish producers are faced various constraints i.e. water stress, lack of the improved production technology unavailability of market and poor marketing facilities & poor credit & fiancé availability, poor storage facility and social and villager class conflict.