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Volume - 1 - January-March 2010
Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol : 1 - Issue : 1 ; 01-06
B. A. Padder, P. N. Sharma and O. P. Sharma
Molecular Plant Pathology Laboratory, Department of Plant Pathology, CSK HPKV, Palampur-176 062 (H. P.), India
Abstract
Potential bean growing areas of Himachal Pradesh were surveyed to assess the prevalence of bean anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum lindemuthianum. The disease was encountered at all the locations with varied incidence ranging from 0.50 to 88.00 per cent. Maximum disease incidence (88.00%) was found at Kharogla in district Kinnaur. Out of 29 races, 11 were present in the district Kullu and Kinnaur whereas Shimla contained 9 races. Some races were restricted to certain geographical areas of state. Race 513 was most widespread. Among the 62 common bean germplasm lines screened against eight races, accessions SR-4-1, SR-6-21, SR-74, KRC-12 and KRC-13 showed resistance at least to 4 races. Commercially grown cultivar KRC-8 (Baspa) harboring a recessive resistance gene can be deployed across the length and breadth of the state. Cultivars viz., AB 136 and G 2333 harboring many anthracnose resistance genes have been tightly linked with molecular markers offers a readymade resistant donors which can be exploited in developing anthracnose resistant cultivars suitable for cultivation in the state with the aid of molecular assisted selection
Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol : 1 - Issue : 1 ; 07-10
A. Bukhari, M. H. Khan, B. A. Lone and S. A. Haq
Division of Plant Breeding and Genetics, S. K. University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Shalimar, Srinagar - 191 121, India
Abstract
The present investigation was carried out to study stability performance over three environments for fodder yield and its components in 10 genetically diverse cultivars of oat using randomized block design. The partitioning of mean squares (environment + genotype × environment) showed that environments (linear) differed significantly and were quite diverse with regards to their effects on the performance of genotypes for fodder yield and majority of yield components. The investigation further revealed that the genotypes SKO-105, SKO-109 and SKO-96 were desirable and stable for green and dry fodder yield across the environments. Other genotypes SKO-105, SKO-111 and SKO-98 were found to produce higher crude protein and ether extract content across the locations.
Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol : 1 - Issue : 1 ; 11-17
Majid Ali and K. Rai Sharma
Research Associate, NAIP-3, SRLS, SKUAST-K, Shalimar, J&K *Department of Forest Products. Dr. Y. S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan, (H.P.), India
Abstract
The floristic composition of Berberis aristata and its associated shrub species was, carried out at six different sites i.e. four in Himachal Pradesh (Rajgarh, Chail, Totu and Narkanda) and two in Jammu and Kashmir (Bandipora and Lolab valley). The results of floristic composition of Berberis aristata and associated shrubs species indicated that the most dominant shrub species recorded were Berberis aristata, Berberis lycium, Viburnum cotinifolium and Daphne cannabina. The maximum shrubs were observed in Chail where the number of species is 8 while in Rajgarh, Totu and Narkanda had 6 species each. As regards the number of shrub species Lolab-valley observed least number of shrubs (4). In six different sites it was observed that similarity was highest between Lolab valley and Totu with 80.00(%) and lowest between Narkanda and Rajgarh. The diversity of shrubs was highest in Totu site and lowest in Lolab valley.
Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol : 1 - Issue : 1 ; 18-20
M. Imran Khan, B. Mathew, Zahoor A. Bhat* and M. H. Khan
Department of Horticulture, Allahabad Agricultural Institute (Deemed University) Allahabad- 211007 (U.P.) India *Division of Floriculture, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. S. K. University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir
Abstract
A field experiment was carried out at floriculture research unit in Horticulture Department of Allahabad Agriculture Institute (Deemed University), Allahabad. Plant growth retardants Cycocel (1000, 1500, 2000ppm) and Maleic hydrazide (500, 1000, 1500 ppm) as foliar spray on African marigold Cv. pusa Narangi Gainda. Cycocel at 2000 ppm resulted in the maximum reduction of plant height (58.15 cm), higher number of branches (15.05), leaves (205.20) and spread (49.68 cm) followed by maleic hydrazide at 1000ppm. The flower bud appearance was delayed with spraying of Cycocel at 2000ppm (46.14 days) and Maleic hydrazide at 1000 ppm (44.00 days) as compared to control (40.33 days). Cycocel at 2000 ppm resulted in increased number of flowers (27.20), average weight (11.89), flower size (7.33 cm). However, the flowering duration was extended by the spraying of cycocel and maleic hydrazide. Flower yield in terms of t/ha was maximum with 2000 ppm cycocel (26.95 t/ha) followed by maleic hydrazide at 1000ppm which was (22.17 t/ha).
Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol : 1 - Issue : 1 ; 21-23
F. A. Misger, Ishtiyaq Ahad and B. A. Padder
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, S. K. University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Malagpora, Pulawama (J & K) India
Abstract
Investigations were carried out in two villages of Pulwama district of Jammu and Kashmir to evaluate efficacy of pre-dormant diesel spray in combination with Ethion 10 EC and summer spray with different pesticides for the management of Panonychus ulmi the causal agent of European red mite. Pre-dormant spray in combination with Ethion 10 EC significantly reduced the pest population at both the locations. Among the various pesticides sprayed during summer season, Fenzaquin 10 EC was most effective in reducing the pest population followed by Dicofol 18.5 EC. Endosulfan and Chloropyriphos were also effective in managing the pest.
Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol : 1 - Issue : 1 ; 24-26
Shabeer Ahmad Rather and N. L. Sharma
Department of Agricultural Chemistry and Soil science, A. S. (P/G) College, Lakhaoti, Bulandshahr-245 407 (U.P) India
Abstract
A field experiment was conducted at the research farm of A. S. College, Lakhaoti, Bulandshahr (U.P) to find out the effect of integrated use of FYM, Zinc and Fertilizers (NPK) on yield and nutrient uptake of wheat. Conjunctive use of FYM and Zinc in Collaboration with 100% recommended fertilizers dose produced significantly higher grain and straw yield of wheat as compared to its counterpart of 75% NPK, (Whether applied alone or in combination with FYM and Zinc). The yield attributes like earhead length (cm) number of grains per earhead and 1000-grains weight (grams) increased by increasing fertility levels from 75% to 100% and with the integration of FYM and Zinc with fertilizers (NPK). Significant improvement owing to appropriate combination of NPK, FYM and Zinc was observed for the protein content and nutrient uptake (NPK+Zn) and was maximum due to 100% NPK + FYM + Zinc 15.84% and 146.2, 20.5, 143.5 Kg and 216.0g ha-1, respectively and maximum with control. In economic consideration, it was found that integration of 100% NPK with FYM and Zn gave higher net income per hectare (Rs 10537) compared to 75% NPK and FYM and Zn alone.
Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol : 1 - Issue : 1 ; 27-29
I. A. Jahangir, S. Ansarul Haq, Bilal A. Lone, A. Wani and Z. A. Bhat
Division of Agronomy, S. K. University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Shalimar, Srinagar - 191 121, India
Abstract
A field experiment was carried out at Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir during rabi 2004-05 on silty clay loam with low available nitrogen, medium in phosphorus and deficit in sulphur. The objective of the study was to study the impact of fertilization with and without FYM or bio-fertilizer on growth and productivity of field pea. Treatments comprising of Bio-fertilizer (Rhizobium and Phosphorus solublising bacteria), different levels of well decomposed FYM and constant level of nitrogen, Phosphorus and Sulphur from chemical sources were applied. The experiment was carried out in Randomized Block Design with three replications. Significant improvement was observed in yield attributes such as pods plant-1 (21.06), seeds/pod (5.36) , 1000-seed weight (204.32 g), seed (29.15 qha-1) and straw yield (44.38 qha-1) with the application of N20 P50 S40 in combination with 20 t FYM ha-1 and the application of bio-fertilizers as a seed treatment. From the present study, it can be concluded that for realizing higher seed yield, combination of N20 P50 S40 + 20 t FYM ha-1 + Bio-fertilizer is most appropriate under Kashmir conditions.
Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol : 1 - Issue : 1 ; 30-34
S. D. Tyagi and M. H. Khan
Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Kisan (P/G) College, Simbhaoli, Ghaziabad-245207, (U. P.), India
Abstract
An attempt was made to analyze the association between seed yield and related components in sunflower by the method of correlation and path coefficients using 22 diverse genotypes. A slight increase of genotypic correlation coefficients over phenotypic correlation coefficient was noticed for all the character combinations. All the examined characteristics except days to 50% flowering, percent filled seeds, 100 seed weight and oil content were significantly and positively associated with seed yield. Since plant height, head diameter, head weight and number of seeds per head are inter-correlated among themselves, selection for these traits will result in increased seed yield. Path coefficient analysis revealed that among all the traits studied, stem diameter at mid night and head weight contributed the most directly to seed yield. All other yield contributing traits had sizeable influence on seed yield indirectly only through stem diameter at mid height and total head weight.
Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol : 1 - Issue : 1 ; 35-37
Ameek A. H. Wani and R. K. Tiyagi
Deen Dayal Uphadyay Institute of Rural Development, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar University, Agra (U. P.), India
Abstract
The study was undertaken to know the impact of agricultural radio programmes on farmers of block Kakapora district Pulwama by selecting 100 respondents. The study revealed that the 40 percent respondents were in habit of talking with others during listening agricultural radio programmes. During the study it was observed from the respondents that morning and evening broadcasts were more listen by the farmers, besides this morning broadcasts were also listen with more attention than other programmes. Among the different broadcasts Gami Bayun Hund Khatre were listen by farmers more regularly than Kashtikar Bayanhendi Khatri and evening broadcasts.
Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol : 1 - Issue : 1 ; 38-40
Mir Showkat and S. D. Tyagi
Division of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Kisan (P/G) College Simbhaoli, Ghaziabad (U.P), India
Abstract
Forty genotypes of Soybean were evaluated for 16 characters. The analysis of variance revealed significant differences among the genotypes for all the characters. Estimates of phenotypic coefficient of variation (PCV) were higher than their corresponding genotypic coefficient of variation (GCV) for all the characters. High phenotypic coefficient of variation (PCV) was found for clusters per plant followed by pods per cluster, plant height, seed yield per plant, pods per plant and biological yield per plant. A combination of high heritability and high genetic advance as percent of mean was noted for plant height, clusters per plant, pods per cluster, pods per plant, biological yield per plant and seed yield per plant which indicated that additive gene action might be operated predominantly in the inheritance of these characters. Thus the results suggested that significant improvement can be made by individual plant selection in early generations.
Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol : 1 - Issue : 1 ; 41-43
Shafi Tantrey and R. K. Agnihotri
Department of Botany, School of Life Sciences Khandari Campus Dr. B.R. Ambedkar University Agra,(U.P.) India
Abstract
The influence of Cd and Hg on Chlorophyll a, Chlorophyll b, total chlorophyll and proline of Cicer arietinum L. plants was evaluated grown with or with nitrogen. Cadmium and mercury treatments at 10 and 25 mol/L affected chlorophyll and proline content of gram as compared to control. However, the addition of nitrogen (5 mM/L) somehow minimized the effect of heavy metals. Cadmium and mercury at 10 mol/L produced significant effect on chlorophylls. While higher concentrations (25 mol/L) significantly reduced chlorophyll content of plants. Nitrogen increased the chlorophyll content of metal treated plants. The proline content of plants was increased under Cd and Hg treatments (10 and 25 mol/L). In this case the additional nitrogen decreased proline content of plants treated with Cd and Hg.
Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol : 1 - Issue : 1 ; 44-45
Z. A. Bhat*, J. A. Dar, M. Ali, A. R. Malik, F. A. Mattoo and A. R. Trag
*Research Associate, NAIP-3, SRLS, SKUAST-K, Shalimar, J&K S.K. University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Shalimar, Srinagar - 191 121, India
Abstract
Experiments were conducted to observe the influence of various cultural operations on corm multiplication of gladiolus cv. White Prosperity. This result showed that planting of 5 to 6 cm diameter is beneficial for the production of corms and cormels as compared to 4 to 5 cm, 3 to 4 cm diameter and 2 to 3 cm diameter corms. The bigger size corms increase plant height, number of leaves, number of corms, number of cormels and weight of corm.
Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol : 1 - Issue : 1 ; 46-48
Poonam Sharma, Irfan, A. Bisati and Saima Paul
Directorate of Extension, S. K. University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Shalimar, Srinagar - 191 121, India
Abstract
The changes in physic-chemical characteristics of kinnow fruits were studied storage at ambient and refrigerated temperature. Kinnow fruits contained total soluble solids 10 percent acidity 0.82 percent and ascorbic acid 24. 17mg/100 ml. The recovery of juice, peel and pomace from kinnow fruits were 50, 26 and 24 percent, respectively. The storage temperature had an influence on physical characteristics of stored kinnow fruits. The fruit spoilage was 33.67 percent at an ambient temperature as compared to 20.67 percent at refrigerated during 60 days storage. The juice yield decreased from 5.0 to 41.0 and 44.17 percent at ambient and refrigerated temperature, respectively during storage. The percentage of pomace decreased at ambient temperature from 24.40 to 20.00 percent, whereas that of peel 1st increased during storage and thereafter decreased.
Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol : 1 - Issue : 1 ; 49-50
M. M. Bhat and A. R. Shah
Centre of Central Asian Studies, Unit Geography, University of Kashmir (J & K), India
Abstract
An attempt has been made to analyze the productivity as well as the growth characteristics in terms of food deficit and food surplus of Kashmir valley. The results revealed that a little over 30 % of the total area of the state is under agricultural practice, 27 % under forests, 5.16 % under pastures and culturable wastes occupy about 5.90 % of the total area, while 14 % is put to non agricultural use and Kashmir valley has very little area (23 %) under crop cultivation. The low proportion of arable land is attributed to the terrain, harsh winter and poor accessibility. As such agricultural operations are generally confined to kharif season (May to October) in the region. It is because of these factors the cropping pattern of valley shows subsistence character. Only 13.86 percent of the reporting area is utilized for double cropping in the valley of Kashmir. The areas having sandy or poor soils, low rainfall, lake of irrigational facilities etc, like hilly areas, backward areas, and Kandi and rim land areas are food deficit regions, and the areas having all these facilities are surplus area in food like Jhelum valley floor.
Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol : 1 - Issue : 1 ; 51-52
S. R. Ahmad and R. K. Tiyagi
Deen Dayal Uphadyay Institute of Rural Development Dr. B. R. Ambedkar University, Agra (U. P.) India
Abstract
The present study was conducted on 100 cattle owners about adoption of improved animal husbandry practices according to year wise from 1999-2002 in Kakapora block of district Pulwama. It was found that in the year 2002 the rate of adoption of artificial insemination was 64 percent followed by castration practices 76 percent in the year 2002. The study further reveals that adoption of vaccination practices were high 38 percent in the year 2001, while in the year 2002 adoption of growing green fodder was 92 percent. Adoption of cross breeding practices was highest 68 percent in the year 2002. The major constraint were high cost of medicines faced by 72 percent from adopters while in case of non adopters 92 percent had lack of knowledge regarding improved practices of animal husbandry practices.


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