|The present study was conducted in Haveri and Koppal districts of Karnataka. Among several vegetable seeds production, brinjal, cucumber, chilli and watermelon were selected purposively based on intensity of crop coverage area. Multi-stage stratified random sampling technique was adopted for the selection of the sample farmers. This study was based on primary data collected through personal interview method using pre-tested schedule from 32 farmers for each crop constituting a total sample size of 128 farmers. Cobb-Douglas production technique was employed. Results of the study revealed that per acre total cost incurred was ₹ 2,30,771, ₹ 2,02,044, ₹ 2,27,103 and ₹ 67,110 respectively in brinjal, cucumber, chilli and watermelon. Per acre gross returns and net returns obtained were ₹ 4,47,884 and ₹ 2,17,113 in brinjal, ₹ 4,29,728 and ₹ 2,27,684 in cucumber, ₹ 6,06,431 and ₹ 3,79,328 in chilli and ₹ 1,14,859 and ₹ 47,749 in watermelon respectively. MVP to MFC ratio revealed that human labour and irrigation were under-utilized in all four crops. Further, seedlings and FYM are also under-utilized in brinjal and cucumber and are over-utilized in chilli and watermelon. Bullock and machine labour were under-utilized in brinjal and watermelon and are over-utilized in cucumber and chilli. Except watermelon, fertilizers are over-utilized in other three crops. Plant protection chemicals are under-utilized in cucumber and chilli and are over-utilized in brinjal and watermelon.